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Courses in Marine Sciences (CMOB)

BIOLOGICAL OCEANOGRAPHY (CMOB)

Biological oceanography seeks to understand the life histories and population dynamics of marine organisms and how they interact with their environment over space and time. Biological oceanographers in the department utilize a variety of techniques including SCUBA, shipboard samplers, acoustics, molecular biology, and mathematical modeling to understand the oceans and their inhabitants. Research is focus on: marine physiology, botany, microbiology, ichtiology invertebrates, remote sensing, molecular biology, and fisheries.

Graduate Courses

CMOB 6017. LENGTH-FREQUENCY METHODS IN FISHERIES BIOLOGY (II)
(On demand). Three credits hours. Three hours of lecture per week. Pre-requisite: authorization of the Director of the Department.
Techniques for sampling, analyzing, and interpreting length-frequency distributions to determine the dynamics and vital parameters of populations. Application of computer-based methods will be emphasized.

CMOB 6018. MARINE ECOLOGY (I, II)
(On demand). Four credit hours. Three hours of lecture and one three-hour laboratory per week.
Structure and function of marine ecosystems; flux of energy and materials in biogeochemical cycles.

CMOB 6026. SEAFOOD TECHNOLOGY.
Three credit hours. Three hours of lecture per week. Prerequisite: CIMA 5006 or CMOB 5006.
Industrial and regulatory procedures to ensure the quality of fish, shellfish, and related products. Field trips are required.

CMOB 6056. WATER QUALITY MANAGEMENT IN AQUACULTURE.
Three credit hours. Three hours of lecture per week.
Manipulation of water quality to improve production of aquatic organisms. Field trips are required.

CMOB 6075. FRESHWATER INVERTEBRATES.
Three credit hours. One hour of lecture and two two-hour laboratories per week. Identification of freshwater invertebrates, their role in the environment, and their importance in aquaculture and pollution studies.

CMOB 6077. ZOOPLANKTON ECOLOGY
(On demand). Three credit hours.
Two hours of lecture and one three-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite: authorization of the Director of the Department. Aspects of zooplankton ecology in relation to oceanographic processes in estuarine, neritic, and oceanic ecosystems. Includes experiences in sampling techniques and experimental design.

CMOB 6618. BIOLOGICAL OCEANOGRAPHY(I).
Three credit hours. Two hours of lecture and one three-hour laboratory per week. Marine life and its relationship to geological, physical and chemical aspects of the ocean; basic techniques fundamental to marine research. Demonstrations and field trips.

CMOB 6619. BIO-OPTICAL OCEANOGRAPHY (I)
(On demand). Four credit hours. Three hours of lecture and one three-hour laboratory per week.
Integrated study of the role of light in aquatic ecosystems including the physics of light transmission within water, the biochemistry and physiology of aquatic photosynthesis, and the ecological relationships that depend on the underwater light environment. Field trips required.

CMOB 6635. RESEARCH METHODS IN MARINE SCIENCES (II).
Three credit hours. Three hours of lecture per week.
Techniques of data collection, analysis, and interpretation with emphasis on research problems relevant to the marine ecosystems of Puerto Rico.

CMOB 6636. WATER QUALITY IN FISH PONDS (II).
Four credit hours. Three hours of lecture and one three-hour laboratory per week.
Physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of water that affect the growth and health of organisms cultivated in freshwater.

CMOB 6645. MARINE PLANKTON BIOLOGY (I, II)
(On demand). Two credit hours. One hour of lecture and one three-hour laboratory per week.
Study of the marine plankton with emphasis on systematics, morphology, life histories, physiology, feeding, and reproduction. Importance of plankton on the economy of the sea, particularly in their role as primary and secondary producers. Field trips required.

CMOB 6655. MOLECULAR MARINE BIOLOGY (I, II)
(On demand). Four credit hours. Two hours of lecture and two three-hour laboratories per week. Prerequisite: authorization of the Director of the Department.
Theory, practice, and applications of molecular marine biology.

CMOB 6686. FISH NUTRITION (I)
(On demand). Four credit hours. Three hours of lecture and one three-hour laboratory per week.
The nutritional requirements and the digestive physiology of marine and freshwater fish.

CMOB 6687. DESIGN AND MANAGEMENT OF AQUACULTURE HATCHERIES (I, II)
(On demand). Four credit hours. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour laboratory per week.
Theory and practice in the cultivation of tropical aquatic species emphasizing a systems approach to the design and management of hatcheries.

CMOB 6689. CULTURED AQUATIC ORGANISMS HEALTH.
Three credit hours. One hour of lecture and two three-hours laboratories per week.
The nature, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of parasites and diseases of cultured aquatic organisms. Field trips are required.

CMOB 8635. MARINE MICROBIOLOGY.
Three credit hours. Two lectures and one threehour laboratory per week.
A study of the biology of marine microalgae, bacteria and protozoa, with emphasis on the techniques of pure cultures and the physiology and ecology of marine organisms, both autotrophic and heterotrophic.

CMOB 8636. MARINE PARASITOLOGY (I)
(On demand). Four credit hours. Two hours of lecture and two three-hour laboratories per week. 
Parasitology of marine organisms with emphasis on local fauna; collecting methods, preparation for the study and identification of parasites.

CMOB 8645. MARINE PHYSIOLOGY (I) 
(On demand). Three credit hours. Three hours of lecture per week. 
The physiological processes at the cellular and organismal levels directly concerned with the adaptation of the organism to the physical and chemical environment of the ocean; the more specialized physiological processes encountered in the study of the growth and behavior of marine organisms.

CMOB 8646. MARINE PHYSIOLOGY LABORATORY (II) 
(On demand). One or two credit hours. One or two three-hour laboratories per week. Corequisite: CMOB 8645. 
Laboratory research projects on a specific physiological process of marine organisms in response to marine environment. Project by arrangement.

CMOB 8649. CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF READINGS IN MARINE ECOLOGY (II)
(On demand). Two credit hours. Four hours of seminar per week. Study of classical and recent readings in marine ecology. Analysis of authors' aims, methods, results, and interpretations.

CMOB 8656. SELECTED TOPICS IN PHYSIOLOGICAL ECOLOGY (II) 
(On demand). Three credit hours. Three hours of lecture per week. The physiological bases for ecological relationships as displayed in representative examples. Individual laboratory projects will be required of all students.

CMOB 8657. AQUACULTURE (I, II) 
(On demand). Four credit hours. Three hours of lecture and one three-hour laboratory per week.
Principles underlying food production by efficient utilization of various aquatic environments and organisms to include fresh, brackish and marine environments; and the lotic and lentic systems of the culture of fish and other aquatic crops, such as algae, mollusks, and crustaceans.

CMOB 8658. ADVANCED MARINE PARASITOLOGY.
Three credit hours. One hour of lecture and two three-hour laboratories per week. Prerequisite: CMOB 8636.
Study of advanced topics on the parasites of marine animals. A research project will be required.

CMOB 8659. INVERTEBRATE AQUACULTURE.
Three credit hours. Three hours of lecture per week.
Study of the cultivation of invertebrates such as shrimps, oysters, clams, mussels, gastropods, and octopi. Emphasis on modern techniques, feasibility and economic aspects.

CMOB 8665. MORPHOLOGY OF MARINE INVERTEBRATES (II)
(On demand). Three credit hours. Two hours of lecture and one three-hour laboratory per week. Form, structure and function of representative marine invertebrates.

CMOB 8667. ADVANCED FISHERIES BIOLOGY (I, II)
(On demand). Three credit hours. Two hours of lecture and one three-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisites: authorization of the Director of the Department.
Population dynamics of exploited species, management and conservation principles for commercial fisheries.

CMOB 8676. SYSTEMATICS OF MARINE INVERTEBRATES (I)
(On demand). Four credit hours. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour laboratory per week.
Taxonomy, phylogeny and distribution of marine invertebrates with special attention to local forms.

CMOB 8678. MARINE POPULATION BIOLOGY (I, II)
(On demand). Three credit hours. Three hours of lecture per week.
Principles of population biology and their application to the organization of marine communities.

CMOB 8679. MARINE BOTANY (I, II).
Three credit hours. Two hours of lecture and one three hour laboratory per week.
A study of the flora of the sea, with emphasis on the morphology, ecology and taxonomy of algae.

CMOB 8685. THE RHODOPHYTA OF PUERTO RICO.
Three credit hours. Two hours of lecture and one three-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite: CMOB 8679.
A study of the life cycles, reproduction, taxonomy and ecology of the macroscopic red algae of Puerto Rico.

CMOB 8686. ICHTHYOLOGY I (II)
(On demand). Three credit hours. Two hours of lecture and one three-hour laboratory per week.
A study of the morphology, physiology and ecology of fishes, with emphasis on marine forms.

CMOB 8687. ICHTHYOLOGY II (I)
(On demand). Three credit hours. Two hours of lecture and one three-hour laboratory per week.
A study of the systematics, evolution and distribution of fishes, with emphasis on marine forms.

CMOB 8689. PIGMENT PHYSIOLOGY (II)
(On demand). Three credit hours. Three hours of lecture per week.
Physiological function of marine pigments.

CMOB 8690. CULTURE TECHNIQUES EMPLOYED IN ALGAE RESEARCH.
Three credit hours. One hour of lecture and two two-hour laboratories per week. Prerequisite: CMOB 8679 or CMOB 8685.
Algae culture and its research methodology to determine the life history of red algae.

CMOB 8695. THE PHAEOPHYTA (I, II)
(On demand). Three credit hours. Two hours of lecture and one three-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite: CIMA 5016 or CIMA 8679 or CMOB 5016 or CMOB 8679.
Life cycles, biology, morphology, ecology, taxonomy and evolution of the brown algae. Field trips required.

CMOB 8696. THE CHLOROPHYTA (I, II) 
(On demand). Three credit hours. Two hours of lecture and one three-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite: CMOB 5016 or CMOB 8679. 
Life cycles, biology, morphology, ecology, taxonomy, and evolution of the benthic marine green algae. Field trips required.

CMOB 8699. PHYCOLOGY SEMINAR (II) (On demand).
One credit hour. One hour of lecture per week.
Discussion of recent works in marine phycology and topics related to student research problems.

CMOB 8705. SPECIAL PROBLEMS IN EXPERIMENTAL MARINE PHYCOLOGY (I, II)
(On demand). One to three credit hours. One to three sessions per week. Prerequisite: authorization of the Director of the Department.
Project specifically related to experimental research on marine algae. The presentation of an independent research project is required.

CMOB 8707. CURRENT TOPICS IN PHYCOLOGICAL RESEARCH (II)
(On demand). Two credit hours. One hour of lecture and one hour of seminar per week. Prerequisite: CMOB 5016 or CMOB 8679.
Advanced topics in phycology; classical and current papers in phycological research; seminars on assigned topics.

CMOB 8708. CORAL REEF BIOLOGY.
Four credit hours. Three hours of lecture and one three hour laboratory per week.
Evolution, characteristics, and distribution of coral reefs. Field trips required.

CMOB 8715. ECOLOGICAL CONCEPTS IN MARINE RESEARCH (I, II)
(On demand). Three credit hours. Two hours of lecture and one three hour laboratory per week.
Advanced ecological concepts with special emphasis on the marine environment; energy relationships in ecological systems; application of quantitative biology and experimental methods in ecological research.

CMOB 8716. ECOLOGY OF MARINE COMMUNITIES SEMINAR (II)
(On demand). Two credit hours. Two sessions per week.
Composition and quantitative structure of selected marine assemblages, and their energetic and tropic relationships.

CMOB 8745. AQUACULTURE IN THE THIRD WORLD (I, II)
(On demand). Two credit hours. Two hours of lecture per week.
Aquaculture systems and strategies in Third World countries.

CMOB 8992. A, B, C. SPECIAL PROBLEMS IN MARINE PHYSIOLOGY (I, II)
(On demand). One to three credit hours. One to three sessions per week.
Courses dealing with specific techniques in the laboratory related to problems in areas of osmoregulation, ionic equilibrium, and pigment physiology.

CMOB 8993. A, B, C. SPECIAL TOPICS IN AQUACULTURE (I, II)
(On demand). One to three credit hours. One to three sessions per week.
Studies under staff supervision on projects specifically concerned with aquaculture. Topics will be selected by agreement between the student and the professor.

CMOB 8994. A, B, C. SPECIAL PROBLEMS IN MARINE INVERTEBRATES (I, II)
(On demand). One to three credit hours. One to three sessions per week.
Supervised study or research on specific selected aspects of marine invertebrates, or techniques pertaining to their study.

CMOB 8995. A, B, C. SPECIAL PROBLEMS IN FISHERIES BIOLOGY (I, II).
One to three credit hours. One to three sessions per week.
Individual student research on the biology of commercial fish and invertebrates, and on commercial fisheries.

CMOB 8996. A, B, C. SPECIAL PROBLEMS IN MARINE ALGAE (I, II)
(On demand). One to three credit hours. One to three sessions per week.
Individual student research on selected problems dealing with the marine algae of Puerto Rico.

CMOB 8997. A, B, C. SPECIAL PROBLEMS IN ICHTHYOLOGY (I, II)
(On demand). One to three credit hours. One to three sessions per week.
Individual student research on marine fishes.