Surveying, also known as Geomatics, is a subdivision of geodesy (science that determines the form and size of our planet) also develops all kinds of maps. Surveying seeks to determine the form, size, and position of smaller portions of lands such as solar properties. This discipline requires mathematical preparation and a science concentration, mainly, physical, optical, and astronomy. In practical terms, Surveying is practical application of the geometry of space and surface representation.
Surveyors perform localization of properties and construction work, maps, aerial photographs, and development and reconstruction planning. The use of computers is a vital tool to accomplish all of these tasks.
The modern vision of a surveyor requires measuring in an expertly manner for all purposes. The surveying program teaches the future surveyor the most modern techniques to measure accurately. The program also provides courses on basic principles and preparation of maps.
The program provides the opportunity of learning fundamental knowledge such as:
Location of control points for locating properties
Planning and design of the space distribution for new communities.
Precise determination of astronomic positions.
Determination of slopes, drainage systems, costs and other geographical features.
Location of infrastructure such as roads, pipelines, adjacent, structures.
Property laws and the history of surveying to carry out surveys efficiently.
The future surveyor will also learn to use tools of the geographical information systems (GIS) and global positioning systems (GPS) including their capabilities and limitations and could collaborate as part of an interdisciplinary team when needed. These applications are seen in navigation, transportation, management of natural and environmental resources, natural disaster mitigation, infrastructure management and others.
In summary, the program of Bachelors of Surveying and Topography prepares students to be professional surveyors who can perform in a number of disciplines from which a partial list is provided below: Surveying, Mapping (Design and Reproduction of Maps, Topographic Maps, Small Scale Maps), Construction, Topographic Photogrammetry, Geodesy (Physical Geodesy), Geophysics, Hydrography, Oceanography, Urban and Regional Planning, Representation of Natural Resources, Geographic Information Systems, Global Positioning System, Land Valuation, and Remote Sensing.
Students will have the opportunity to familiarize themselves with sophisticated equipment such as distance meters, photogrametric equipment, electronic computers, and computer programs that have revolutionized the practice of surveying.